Types of Arthritis
Imaging and tests for Arthritis
X-rays can provide information about your bones and the alignment of the bones. If arthritis is present, X-rays may show joint space narrowing, fractures, osteophyte formation and changes in the alignment of the joints.
Blood tests can show any inflammatory markers that can help diagnosis between different types of arthritis.
Other types of medical imaging, such as bone scans, CT scans and MRI imaging can be used to determine more details about bone and joint changes.
Treatment for Arthritis
Arthritis cannot be cured but there are treatment options to help relieve pain and discomfort, as well as to improve mobility
Conservative treatment for arthritis includes:
- The use of medications to reduce the inflammation and/or pain in the joints.
- Medicines that specifically target inflammatory arthritis can slow down or in some cases, halt the progression of the condition.
- Reducing or modifying activities that aggravate the condition and your discomfort
- Performing non-weight bearing exercises such as swimming or cycling to increase strength and support your joints, as well as increasing range of motion.
- Losing weight and maintaining a good diet.
- Orthotics to assist with the pain, deformity and functional problems related to the joints
- Other assistive devices such as braces and ankle foot orthoses
If arthritis leads to significant disability then surgical options can be considered. The surgical treatment is dependent on the arthritis and the location of the disability. Your podiatric surgeon can explain your options.
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