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Common Problems

This page gives some general information about a variety of foot conditions and procedures. You can browse through items in the menu at the left hand side of the viewer below. When you select an item you will be able to view a short video about that item, and be able to print a brochure. If you scroll further down the page, you will see a list of individual conditions and procedures. By clicking on the image of an item, you will be taken to a viewer which allows you to see a video and print a brochure about that item.

Achilles Tendon Injuries

Tendons are quite avascular structures (reduced blood supply) and for this reason they can contract and bear load for extended periods of time. The Achilles tendon can bear load between 3 to 12 times our body weight depending on the activity we are doing.

Ankle Sprains

An ankle sprain occurs when one or more ligaments—fibrous bands of tissue that provide stability to the joint—are stretched or torn from excessive force such as a sudden twisting during sports, stepping on an uneven surface, or a blow to the ankle.


A bunion, also known as Hallux Valgus, is a deviation of the big toe joint. The big toe angles over towards the 2nd toe and in some cases may overlap or tuck underneath the 2nd toe.

Corns and Callouses

Callouses and corns are hard layers of skin that develop in response to friction, pressure and shearing forces. Callouses tend to be larger than corns. They can vary in size and shape. They are not necessarily painful.


This condition is a progressive collapse of the tendons and ligaments that hold up the foot’s arch. This condition most commonly affects women. It typically occurs in only one foot, but in some cases, both feet are afflicted.

Fungal Nails

Fungal toe nails or onychomycosis is an infection caused by a fungal species known as dermatophytes but can also be caused by some yeasts or moulds.

Heel and Arch Pain

Heel pain is a common presentation that we see as podiatrists. ‘Heel pain’ is a broad term and can encompass many different conditions. Pain under the heel is also called plantar heel pain.

High Arc Foot (Pes Cavus)

This condition is an abnormally high arch of the foot that results in an excessive amount of body weight being directed to the ball and heel of the foot.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrowing nails are where by the nail corner of sides of the nail grow or press into the surrounding skin. It can cause pain, redness, swelling and infection. They can easily become infected due to the feet being in warm, moist environments.

Morton’s Neuroma

A Morton’s neuroma is a thickening and fibrosis of the tissue that surrounds the digital nerve leading to the toes. It commonly affects the 3rd intermetatarsal space (the nerve that supplies the 3rd and 4th toes).

Skin and Nail Care

At the Perth Foot and Ankle Clinic we are happy to manage your toenail and skin care. Using sterilised insrtuments our podiatrists can trim and file toenails, reduce thickness and clear nail edges smoothly.

Stiff Big Toe (Hallux Rigidus)

Hallux limitus is a progressive arthritic condition that affects the big toe joint. It leads to reduced range of motion and function of this joint and can cause pain.