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Tinea pedis/Athlete’s foot

Tinea pedis/Athlete’s foot

Tinea pedis, also known as athlete’s foot is a skin infection that is caused by a fungal infection. It usually presents as red, macerated, peeling or flaky skin in-between the toes or soles of your feet. The fungal infection typically grows in areas that are warm and humid, so it is more likely to grow if your feet are in enclosed toe shoes for long periods of time. Thus fungal infections have become more common in recent years with more individuals wearing shoes that don’t let your feet to breath.

What are the causes of Tinea?

Tinea is caused by a number of species of fungi but most commonly a species called Trichophyton rubrum. This species is found in warm and humid environments, including numerous areas in Australia. This fungal species is also contagious and can spread to different individuals when walking barefooted on contaminated surfaces such as shared changing rooms, showers and swimming pool areas. They can also be present in shoes, socks and towels.

What are the symptoms of tinea?

  • Red and flaky skin
  • Skin peeling
  • Itching, stinging or burning
  • Small red blisters
  • Scaly rash covering the entire soles and up the sides of the feet (moccasin tinea).

What are the treatments for tinea infections?

Treatments for tinea infections including topical treatment in the form of antifungal creams, sprays, ointments and powders. These are typically available over the counter. Other treatments including oral tablets, which are usually prescribed by your doctor.

10 tips to avoid tinea infections:

  • Wash your feet thoroughly every day when you come back from work, you can use products with tea-tree oil to help prevent bacterial and/or tinea infection.
  • Make sure to dry in between the toes well.
  • Change socks every day.
  • Wear breathable socks.
  • Let your shoes air dry.
  • Put your shoes in the sun to kill any fungal spores.
  • Use a tea-tree spray for your shoes and on your feet.
  • Alternate your shoes.
  • Wear shoes with a breathable material
  • Wear flip flops in shared environments such as swimming pools and showers.

not assigned 105
foot disorders 5
sports injuries 2
Common Foot Problems 12
foot care tips 12

What are the best shoes for orthotics?

For some of us, our orthotics have become a part of our daily lives. They provide great relief from the aches, cramps and twinges we experience during our daily activities, typically as a result of our faulty foot biomechanics or external strain/forces. Yet, after...

Tinea pedis/Athlete’s foot

Tinea pedis, also known as athlete’s foot is a skin infection that is caused by a fungal infection. It usually presents as red, macerated, peeling or flaky skin in-between the toes or soles of your feet. The fungal infection typically grows in areas that are warm and...

Cerebral Palsy and Toe Walking

Cerebral Palsy and Toe Walking

Photo credit: BabyCenter.com

You may notice that your child is walking on their toes or tip toeing around the house. However, there is usually no reason to worry as some children may just like to walk on their tip toes (while pretending to be a ballet dancer, for example), whereas others may just have tight calf muscles causing them to have a bouncy gait.

However, you should talk to your podiatrist if:

  • they always walk on their toes and have stiffness in their muscles
  • they uncoordinated
  • this is accompanied by delayed development in their motor skills
  • there is a waddling gait or a lot of stumbling

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a condition or group of disorders, present at birth (congenital) or acquired, which adversely effect the movement, muscle tone and balance of a child. Cerebral palsy occurs due to damage to the brain centre that control the movement of muscles. There are other factors that can cause cerebral palsy such as:

  • deprivation of oxygen at birth (asphyxia) or reduced oxygen levels in the womb or during birth
  • womb infections leading to abnormal inflammatory response, which can cause an
  • autoimmune attack on the developing baby’s nervous system

Other causes include:

  • placental pathology
  • inborn errors
  • genetic causes

Risk factors for cerebral palsy are premature delivery, coexisting at birth abnormalities, growth restrictions in the womb and excessive multiple pregnancies.

Types of cerebral palsy

Spastic hemiplegia – one arm and one leg are affected on the same side of the body.

Spastic diplegia – both legs or both arms are affected.

Monoplegia – only one leg or one arm is affected.

Quadriplegia – both legs and both arms are affected. Sometimes, the muscles of the trunk, mouth, tongue and windpipe are also affected making it difficult to eat and talk.

Triplegia – both arms and one leg or both legs and one arm are affected.

Treatment

Orthotics

Orthotics can help prevent functional problems from getting worse and allows the passive correction of the deformity in a non-rigid spasticity; they also provide stability during gait and assist with function. Orthotics do not necessarily have to extend above the knee, but their main function should be to provide joint and foot alignment.

Ankle Foot Orthoses / Ritchie Braces

AFOs (ankle foot orthoses) or other products, such as Ritchie Braces can also be recommended if they have excessive calf muscle tightness. A solid AFOs ensures foot control and helps the ankle joint. Also, they increase side-to-side stability and help the foot with ground contact. Research has shown that these braces reduce the high impact forces early in children with spastic diplegia.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy helps maintain balance, with postural exercises being the most effective. Furthermore, lower extremity exercises such as Theraband calf muscle exercises can also help increase the muscle strength. Presently, physical therapy options include: neuro-developmental therapy, sensory integration therapy, bracing, stretching and pressure point stimulation.

Intramuscular Injections

Newer treatment types include intramuscular injections for spasticity. Injections include local anaesthesia in order to block the nerve supply to the muscle and reduce spasticity. Botulinum (the same thing used for “botox” injections) can also be used for intramuscular injection to block and release the muscles. This helps to relieve spasticity.

What Next?

If you child has a problem with walking or if you just want your child checked to see if their function is within normal limits, see our podiatrists today for a thorough assessment and discussion of options.

Tinea pedis/Athlete’s foot

Tinea pedis, also known as athlete’s foot is a skin infection that is caused by a fungal infection. It usually presents as red, macerated, peeling or flaky skin in-between the toes or soles of your feet. The fungal infection typically grows in areas that are warm and...

Preventing Falls

Falls can occur anywhere and anytime but as you grow older you are more risk of falling down during day to day activities and are likely to injure yourself. There are number of reasons for falls in elderly patient’s. As you grow older your vision becomes impaired,...